Photo by Stephen Ausmus, USDA-ARS
It's pretty amazing that four tiny beetles have caused such an uproar in a state as large as Texas. It's hard to imagine that our huge forests and beautiful parks could be so badly affected by such a minute insect. And here's the kicker: EAB have only been documented to fly a few miles from their origin tree. That means that the vast majority of their spread is due to the transportation of firewood from infested places. The cost of chemical control, economic losses from the sale of wood products, losses from forestry industries and nurseries, and the cost to remove and replace dead trees, is astronomical. Not to mention the loss of aesthetic beauty of our streets, yards, and parks.
Photo by Mike Merchant. This tree shows bark flaking, which is caused by woodpeckers that feed on the borer grubs.
Photo by Mike Merchant. These S-shaped galleries are characteristic of the borer larva, which disrupt the nutrient and water flow of the tree. It takes about 2-3 years for ash borer infestations to kill a tree, but all trees that are infested die eventually.
This map published by the USDA shows the current range of EAB in the US. Note that EAB detection depends on trapping and observation.
Check out the full story from Mike Merchant, Extension Urban Entomologist.
Also read his page on how to identify the damage caused by these beetles.